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Calculating statistical power for meta-analysis using metapower

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Doi: 10.20982/tqmp.17.1.p024

Griffin, Jason W.
Keywords: moderator analysis , power analysis , statistical software , systematic review , evidence synthesis
Tools: R
(no sample data)   (no appendix)

Meta-analysis is an influential evidence synthesis technique that summarizes a body of research. Though impactful, meta-analyses fundamentally depend on the literature being sufficiently large to generate meaningful conclusions. Power analysis plays an important role in determining the number of studies required to conduct a substantive meta-analysis. Despite this, power analysis is rarely conducted or reported in published meta-analyses. A significant barrier to the widespread implementation of power analysis is the lack of available and accessible software for calculating statistical power for meta-analysis. In this paper, I provide an introduction to power analysis and present a practical tutorial for calculating statistical power using the R package metapower. The main functionality includes computing statistical power for summary effect sizes, tests of homogeneity, categorical moderator analysis, and subgroup analysis. This software is free, easy-to-use, and can be integrated into a continuous work flow with other meta-analysis packages in R.

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