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Applying Linear Mixed Effects Models with Crossed Random Effects to Psycholinguistic Data: Multilevel Specification and Model Selection.

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Doi: 10.20982/tqmp.11.2.p078

Yu, Hsiu-Ting
Keywords: Model selection , linear mixed effects model , random effects , psycholinguistics
Tools: SAS
(no sample data)   (no appendix)

Applying linear mixed effects regression (LMER) models to psycholinguistic data was made popular by Baayen, Davidson, and Bates (2008). However, applied researchers sometimes encounter model specification difficulties when using such models. This article presents a multilevel specification of LMERs customized for typical psycholinguistic studies. The proposed LMER specifications with crossed random effects allow different combinations of random intercept effects or random slope effects to be specified directly for subject and item covariates. As a result, this approach allows researchers to describe, specify, and interpret a wide range of effects in an LMER more easily. Next, the syntax and steps involved in using the PROC MIXED procedure in SAS to fit the discussed models are illustrated. Thirdly, various issues relating to model selection, specifically for the random component of LMER models with crossed random effects, are discussed. Finally, this article concludes with remarks about model specification and selection of the random structure in the context of analyzing psycholinguistic data using LMERs specifically. This paper provides readers conducting psycholinguistic research with a complete tutorial on how to select, apply, and interpret the multilevel specification of LMERs.

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